Open Salt Water

Rocky Shores

Sandy shores, mudflats, salt marshes

Freshwater lakes, rivers, marshes

Wet coniferous forests

Broadleaf forests

Shrubby thickets

Parks & Gardens


Wet Coniferous Forests

Wet coniferous forests are the dominant habitat of coastal Washington with their Douglas fir, western red cedar, western hemlock, and Sitka spruce. Patches of old growth still exist, but most of these forests have been replaced by second or third growth trees. In the higher elevations, Pacific silver fir, Alaska cedar, mountain hemlock, and subalpine fir occur. Some of the better examples of wet coniferous forest include Willoughby Ridge, the hills around Lake Quinault, the Quinault Ridge Road, and upper Wynoochee Valley.

Order the book, A Birder's Guide to Coastal Washington.

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